Research Area - Energy-Water-Climate nexus

The energy and water sectors interact with each other through multiple linkages. Hydropower is a significant electricity generation source and water supplies are important for cooling thermal power plants. Similarly, water pumping for groundwater and conveyance, water heating, and desalination all require significant energy. Climate change is affecting both energy and water sectors in multiple ways. Lower hydropower availability due to increasing frequency and intensity of droughts will cause electricity shortages or reliance on fossil fuel generation. Decreasing water supplies could increase demand for groundwater, this increasing energy demand. Understanding the effect of climate change on the energy-water interlinkages is important for planners in both sectors to plan resilient systems.